Coyunturas y recelos de la reinserción internacional de Myanmar

Palabras clave: Myanmar, relaciones internacionales, sudeste asiático, geopolítica, diplomacia

Resumen

Este artículo se enfoca en analizar el devenir histórico reciente de Myanmar, particularmente su reinserción en el escenario internacional a partir de la demostración de signos de apertura y cambio tras décadas de dictadura militar represiva y aislacionista. Sin embargo, dicha transición expedita, pero inacabada, ha contado de alguna manera con la complacencia de países y algunos organismos internacionales, que parecen mirar de soslayo los muchos pendientes en materia de derechos humanos, democracia y gobernanza que aún prevalecen en la realidad birmana, por lo que se ha generado la interrogante de si han actuado con la convicción de fomentar la regularización de Myanmar en la arena global, o su proceder obedece a cuestiones pragmáticas que buscan, de forma específica, reducir la presencia e influencia china y ocupar un espacio del que han estado ausentes durante mucho tiempo, pero que siempre han considerado de vital importancia geopolítica y geoeconómica.Circumstances and mistrusts of Myanmar’s international reinsertionThis article focuses on analyzing recent historical development of Myanmar, in particular its reintegration into the international scenery from showing signs of openness and change after decades of repressive and isolationist military dictatorship. However, this transition is unfinished and it has counted somehow with the complacency of countries and some international organizations, which seem to look askance many pending issues in the field of human rights, democracy and governance. This gives rise to the question if they have acted in the belief promote the regularization of Myanmar in the global arena or their behavior is due to pragmatic reasons in order to seek specifically reduce the Chinese presence and influence and then occupying a space always considered of great geopolitical importance.

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Citas

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Publicado
2015-06-15