Trade Patterns in Food Imports to China: Commodities, Trends, and Shifts (1992-2020)


  • Ricardo Castellanos-Curiel Universidad de Colima
  • Benjamín Vallejo-Jiménez Universidad de Colima


Palabras clave:

Food, Trade, Substitutability, China, Imports


Our research unveils how China’s food-related imports from 1992 to 2020 changed in composition by decreasing the imports of some commodities in favor of others. Their origins suggest that some countries are being substituted as commercial partners for specific commodities. We empirically identified outliers by setting interquartile limits at the commodity level and by origin. Unit-root and normality tests were applied. Finally, Spearman or Pearson correlation coefficients were computed where appropriate. Results indicate that imports are stabilizing during the studied period. China increased its imports of Sugar and cereals to the detriment of edible preparations, live animals, trees, and oilseeds. Some Asian countries are capturing part of the market once dominated by North America or Europe. Finally, lower dependence on partners was found for meat, gums, cocoa, and edible preparations. This methodology might help those analyzing the effects of trade agreements, country specialization, and strategic decisions.


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Biografía del autor/a

Ricardo Castellanos-Curiel, Universidad de Colima

Ricardo Castellanos Curiel Maestro en Finanzas por la Universidad de Colima en 2009, donde imparte cátedra en materias relacionadas a las finanzas, los negocios y la economía desde entonces.  Participó en el diseño e implementación de la primera licenciatura dictada totalmente en inglés en una universidad pública Mexicana y ha participado en colaboraciones internacionales en el programa Columbus-Hub Academy. Obtuvo el puesto de Profesor-Investigador de Tiempo Completo en 2017. Sus áreas de interés son las Finanzas, en particular, las relacionadas a las finanzas personales y a las de las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas. Pertenece al Cuerpo académico CA-UCOL-109 Estudios Transdisciplinarios de los Negocios, en el que participó en proyectos sobre trazabilidad y sobre el uso del Inglés como medio de instrucción (EMI) para materias relacionadas a los negocios.

Benjamín Vallejo-Jiménez, Universidad de Colima

Benjamín Vallejo Jimenez es Profesor-investigador en la Facultad de Economía de la Universidad de Colima, México. Doctor en Ciencias Económicas con especialidad en Finanzas por la Escuela Superior de Economía del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (México). Tiene perfil PRODEP, es SNI 1, y pertenece al UCOL-CA- 109 Estudios Transdisciplinarios de los Negocios, el cual es parte de la Red de Investigación sobre políticas públicas de igualdad y participación laboral con perspectiva de género. Producción en áreas Financieras, Económicas y en Métodos Cuantitativos.Correo: ORCID:


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2023-04-29 — Actualizado el 2023-05-02