Corrupción y Desarrollo en China y América Latina

Palabras clave: Corrupción, América Latina, China, IDH, IPC

Resumen

No hay un consenso claro sobre los efectos de la corrupción en distintas dimensiones económicas, aunque generalmente se percibe como dañina para variables como crecimiento o IED. El objetivo de este artículo es determinar el efecto de la corrupción en el desarrollo humano en América Latina y China. Se sigue una metodología de panel de datos estática con la transformación de Prais-Winsten con errores estándares corregidos para paneles correlacionados (PCSE), y de datos de panel dinámica del método generalizado de momentos (GMM) y SYS-GMM para 18 países latinoamericanos y China para el periodo 2001-2019. Se demuestra que la corrupción funge como limitante del desarrollo para la mayoría de los países de la muestra. Sin embargo, para algunos países como China se encuentra que la corrupción tiene un efecto positivo. Asimismo, se encuentra diferencia significativa en la sensibilidad del desarrollo a la corrupción entre los países.

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Publicado
2020-08-28